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undefined reference to `Foam::MomentumTransportModel...'

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Old   December 26, 2020, 15:03
Default undefined reference to `Foam::MomentumTransportModel...'
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Farzad Ahamdi
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Hello everyone

I was trying to use the code provided at 'https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7080542' to implement the smoothed CSF. The code was developed based on OpenFOAM6 and I modified it to be compatible with OpenFOAM8. In the end, I got the following error:

Quote:
interFoam.C.text.startup+0x235f): undefined reference to `Foam::MomentumTransportModel<Foam::geometricOneFi eld, Foam::geometricOneField, Foam::incompressibleMomentumTransportModel, Foam::transportModel>::dictionaryConstructorTableP tr_'
/usr/bin/ld.bfd: interFoam.C.text.startup+0x23ad): undefined reference to `Foam::RASModel<Foam::IncompressibleMomentumTransp ortModel<Foam::transportModel> >::dictionaryConstructorTablePtr_'
/usr/bin/ld.bfd: interFoam.C.text.startup+0x2412): undefined reference to `Foam::LESModel<Foam::IncompressibleMomentumTransp ortModel<Foam::transportModel> >::dictionaryConstructorTablePtr_'
/usr/bin/ld.bfd: Make/linux64GccDPInt32Opt/interFoam.o: in function `Foam::MomentumTransportModel<Foam::geometricOneFi eld, Foam::geometricOneField, Foam::incompressibleMomentumTransportModel, Foam::transportModel>::New(Foam::geometricOneField const&, Foam::geometricOneField const&, Foam::GeometricField<Foam::Vector<double>, Foam::fvPatchField, Foam::volMesh> const&, Foam::GeometricField<double, Foam::fvsPatchField, Foam::surfaceMesh> const&, Foam::GeometricField<double, Foam::fvsPatchField, Foam::surfaceMesh> const&, Foam::transportModel const&)':
interFoam.C.text._ZN4Foam22MomentumTransportMode lINS_17geometricOneFieldES1_NS_36incompressibleMom entumTransportModelENS_14transportModelEE3NewERKS1 _S6_RKNS_14GeometricFieldINS_6VectorIdEENS_12fvPat chFieldENS_7volMeshEEERKNS7_IdNS_13fvsPatchFieldEN S_11surfaceMeshEEESJ_RKS3_[_ZN4Foam22MomentumTransportModelINS_17geometricOne FieldES1_NS_36incompressibleMomentumTransportModel ENS_14transportModelEE3NewERKS1_S6_RKNS_14Geometri cFieldINS_6VectorIdEENS_12fvPatchFieldENS_7volMesh EEERKNS7_IdNS_13fvsPatchFieldENS_11surfaceMeshEEES J_RKS3_]+0x13a): undefined reference to `Foam::MomentumTransportModel<Foam::geometricOneFi eld, Foam::geometricOneField, Foam::incompressibleMomentumTransportModel, Foam::transportModel>::dictionaryConstructorTableP tr_'
/usr/bin/ld.bfd: interFoam.C.text._ZN4Foam22MomentumTransportMode lINS_17geometricOneFieldES1_NS_36incompressibleMom entumTransportModelENS_14transportModelEE3NewERKS1 _S6_RKNS_14GeometricFieldINS_6VectorIdEENS_12fvPat chFieldENS_7volMeshEEERKNS7_IdNS_13fvsPatchFieldEN S_11surfaceMeshEEESJ_RKS3_[_ZN4Foam22MomentumTransportModelINS_17geometricOne FieldES1_NS_36incompressibleMomentumTransportModel ENS_14transportModelEE3NewERKS1_S6_RKNS_14Geometri cFieldINS_6VectorIdEENS_12fvPatchFieldENS_7volMesh EEERKNS7_IdNS_13fvsPatchFieldENS_11surfaceMeshEEES J_RKS3_]+0x1cb): undefined reference to `Foam::MomentumTransportModel<Foam::geometricOneFi eld, Foam::geometricOneField, Foam::incompressibleMomentumTransportModel, Foam::transportModel>::dictionaryConstructorTableP tr_'
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
Does anyone have an idea what is the reason for the error?

Thanks,
Farzad
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Old   December 28, 2020, 05:02
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Michael Alletto
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Seams the linker does not find some libraries (files which the ending .so)


probably you forgot something in the file Make/options
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Old   December 28, 2020, 14:54
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Farzad Ahamdi
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Thanks Dear Michael, I will look into this.
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Old   August 26, 2023, 13:42
Default My solution
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Matthias Lang
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Hello everyone,

Although this thread is nearly 3 years old, I've encountered a very similar (if not identical) issue. After much effort, I've managed to find the solution. I hope that by sharing this, others won't have to go through weeks of frustration like I did.

Let me begin by describing my specific problem before delving into the solution I discovered below:

I needed to make modifications to a method within the 'multiphaseInterSystem' class. To achieve this, I duplicated the 'multiphaseSystem' class folder, which inherits from 'multiphaseInterSystem'. I then renamed this duplicated class to 'myMultiphaseSystem' and adjusted the 'Make/files' and 'Make/options' accordingly. I systematically replaced all instances of 'multiphaseSystem' with 'myMultiphaseSystem' using the command "sed -i s/multiphaseSystem/myMultiphaseSystem/g *".

The compilation of the library proceeded without errors or issues. I proceeded to duplicate the 'icoReactingMultiphaseInterFoam' solver. I replaced all instances of 'multiphaseSystem' with 'myMultiphaseSystem' (again using the "sed" command from above), added my custom library to 'Make/options', and made necessary modifications to 'Make/files'. However, upon compiling this application, I encountered the following error:

Quote:
undefined reference to `Foam::TurbulenceModel<Foam::geometricOneField, Foam::GeometricField<double, Foam::fvPatchField, Foam::volMesh>, Foam::compressibleTurbulenceModel, Foam::multiphaseInter::myMultiphaseSystem>::dictio naryConstructorTable(Foam::word const&)'

[...]

undefined reference to `Foam::TurbulenceModel<Foam::geometricOneField, Foam::GeometricField<double, Foam::fvPatchField, Foam::volMesh>, Foam::compressibleTurbulenceModel, Foam::multiphaseInter::myMultiphaseSystem>::dictio naryConstructorTablePtr_'
I spent a considerable amount of time under the assumption that the issue was related to library linking.
Contrary to my expectations, the error wasn't directly tied to the library I was modifying. (I believe it's connected to the Runtime Selection Model (RTS) PLEASE correct me if I'm wrong. I am unfamiliar with this subject).
As indicated by the error message, the problem involves a "constructor table."


Now, let me share the solution:


I found that the file "compressibleMultiPhaseTurbulenceModels.C," located one subdirectory above the class I duplicated ("multiphaseSystem"), contained instances of the term 'multiphaseSystem'. I identified this using the 'grep' command in Linux. Therefore, I duplicated the "compressibleMultiPhaseTurbulenceModels" file, replaced all occurrences of 'multiphaseSystem' with 'myMultiphaseSystem' (using jet again the sed command as mentioned above), adjusted the 'Make/files' and options accordingly, and compiled this library.
Upon replacing the old 'compressibleMultiPhaseTurbulenceModels' library with the updated version, the problem was resolved, and the error messages vanished.

I hope this explanation proves helpful to someone grappling with a similar issue. I'd greatly appreciate it if someone could provide a more detailed explanation of what exactly I did here to solve the problem. While I suspect it involves the RTS, I'm not entirely certain.

Wishing you all the best with your OpenFOAM projects.

Best regards,
Matthias
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