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immersol external radiation source setup problem 

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November 6, 2014, 14:10 
immersol external radiation source setup problem

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Aki
Join Date: Nov 2014
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hi, I am trying to simulate a case where an XPS slab is receiving solar radiation and losing heat to the external environment (25oC) by radiation and convection and to the room through conduction and convection (25oC). I thought it would be pretty simple but turned out something I need help. The temperature is crazy high (249oC). Both the radiation flux and the convection flux is about 100 W, which is a lot less than my calculation based on the temperature computed.
The solar radiation is set as an internal source of the boundary cells at the edge of the wall. From the result file, the 200 W solar radiation was correctly executed. The boundary source was set as instructed by the Immersol instruction: PATCH(IMSW001,WWALL,1,1,1,1,1,1,1,1) COVAL(IMSW001,T3,GRND4,GRND5) COVAL(IMSW001,TEM1,wallco,GRND5) The default values and coefficients were then modified SPEDAT(SET,EXTRN_TEMP,OF IMSW001,R,25) modify the external temperature to 25 oC SPEDAT(SET,EXTRN_CO1 ,OF IMSW001,R,4.536E08) modify A=Sigma*E*Area SPEDAT(SET,EXTRN_CO2 ,OF IMSW001,R,5) modify B=Area*h SPEDAT(SET,EXTRN_PWR ,OF IMSW001,R,1) modify D=1 I was expecting the source would follow Q(W) = 5.67*108*ε*Area*(Te^4 – Tw^4) + Area*h*(Te  Tw) But the output source for T3 is 98 W and for the TEM1 is 98W as well. The wall temperature at the boundary reaches 250 oC. With this value and the above formula, I calculated the radiation would be 760 W and the convection would be 1125 W. Why is that? I think I must have understand the formula and the patchcoval wrong. But t I could not find any other documents on how they are to be used. BTW, the XPS is an 0.5*0.5*0.5m3 slab, but gridded as a 1D problem. So the area above is 0.5*0.5m2. Any help or hint is very much appreciated. Thanks Aki 

November 11, 2021, 00:26 

#2 
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Dan Brown
Join Date: Nov 2021
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For the calculation of the drag coefficient, the reference area will be the projected frontal area of the vehicle.
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November 12, 2021, 03:43 

#3  
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michael malin
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