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RANS FX63-137 kOmega SST model

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Old   June 30, 2015, 03:37
Question RANS FX63-137 kOmega SST model
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Pierluigi Rossi
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Dear SU2 users,

I am trying to calculate the polar data of Wortmann FX63-137 airfoil at Re = 1e6.
To do this, I have started with RANS simulation at Re = 5e5 (aoa 6 and 9) comparing my results with fig.18 in [1].

The setup that I have used is the following:
Code:
% ------------- DIRECT, ADJOINT, AND LINEARIZED PROBLEM DEFINITION ------------%
%
% Physical governing equations (EULER, NAVIER_STOKES,
%                               TNE2_EULER, TNE2_NAVIER_STOKES,
%                               WAVE_EQUATION, HEAT_EQUATION, LINEAR_ELASTICITY,
%                               POISSON_EQUATION)
PHYSICAL_PROBLEM= NAVIER_STOKES
%
% Specify turbulent model (NONE, SA, SA_NEG, SST)
KIND_TURB_MODEL= SST %SA
%
% Mathematical problem (DIRECT, ADJOINT, LINEARIZED)
MATH_PROBLEM= DIRECT
%
% Regime type (COMPRESSIBLE, INCOMPRESSIBLE, FREESURFACE)
REGIME_TYPE= INCOMPRESSIBLE
%
% Restart solution (NO, YES)
RESTART_SOL= YES

% ------------------------- UNSTEADY SIMULATION -------------------------------%
%
% Unsteady simulation (NO, TIME_STEPPING, DUAL_TIME_STEPPING-1ST_ORDER, 
%                      DUAL_TIME_STEPPING-2ND_ORDER, TIME_SPECTRAL)
UNSTEADY_SIMULATION= NO

% -------------------- INCOMPRESSIBLE FREE-STREAM DEFINITION ------------------%
%
% Free-stream density (1.2886 Kg/m^3 (air), 998.2 Kg/m^3 (water))
FREESTREAM_DENSITY= 1.225
%
% Free-stream velocity (m/s)
FREESTREAM_VELOCITY= ( 7.4701, 1.1832, 0.00 )
%
% Free-stream viscosity (1.853E-5 Ns/m^2 (air), 0.798E-3 Ns/m^2 (water))
FREESTREAM_VISCOSITY= 1.853e-05

% ---------------------- REFERENCE VALUE DEFINITION ---------------------------%
%
% Reference origin for moment computation
REF_ORIGIN_MOMENT_X = 0.25
REF_ORIGIN_MOMENT_Y = 0.00
REF_ORIGIN_MOMENT_Z = 0.00
%
% Reference length for pitching, rolling, and yawing non-dimensional moment
REF_LENGTH_MOMENT= 1.0
%
% Reference area for force coefficients (0 implies automatic calculation)
REF_AREA= 1.0

% -------------------- BOUNDARY CONDITION DEFINITION --------------------------%
%
% Navier-Stokes wall boundary marker(s) (NONE = no marker)
MARKER_HEATFLUX= ( airfoil, 0.0 )
%
% Farfield boundary marker(s) (NONE = no marker)
MARKER_FAR= ( farfield )
%
% Marker(s) of the surface to be plotted or designed
MARKER_PLOTTING= ( airfoil )
%
% Marker(s) of the surface where the functional (Cd, Cl, etc.) will be evaluated
MARKER_MONITORING= ( airfoil )

% ------------- COMMON PARAMETERS DEFINING THE NUMERICAL METHOD ---------------%
%
% Numerical method for spatial gradients (GREEN_GAUSS, WEIGHTED_LEAST_SQUARES)
NUM_METHOD_GRAD= WEIGHTED_LEAST_SQUARES
%
% Courant-Friedrichs-Lewy condition of the finest grid
CFL_NUMBER= 10.0
%
% Adaptive CFL number (NO, YES)
CFL_ADAPT= NO
%
% Parameters of the adaptive CFL number (factor down, factor up, CFL min value,
%                                        CFL max value )
CFL_ADAPT_PARAM= ( 1.5, 0.5, 1.0, 100.0 )
%
% Number of total iterations
EXT_ITER= 10000

% ----------------------- SLOPE LIMITER DEFINITION ----------------------------%
%
% Reference element length for computing the slope and sharp edges limiters.
REF_ELEM_LENGTH= 0.1
%
% Coefficient for the limiter
LIMITER_COEFF= 0.1
%
% Coefficient for the sharp edges limiter
SHARP_EDGES_COEFF= 3.0
%
% Reference coefficient (sensitivity) for detecting sharp edges.
REF_SHARP_EDGES= 3.0
%
% Remove sharp edges from the sensitivity evaluation (NO, YES)
SENS_REMOVE_SHARP= NO

% ------------------------ LINEAR SOLVER DEFINITION ---------------------------%
%
% Linear solver for implicit formulations (BCGSTAB, FGMRES)
LINEAR_SOLVER= FGMRES
%
% Preconditioner of the Krylov linear solver (JACOBI, LINELET, LU_SGS)
LINEAR_SOLVER_PREC= LU_SGS
%
% Minimum error of the linear solver for implicit formulations
LINEAR_SOLVER_ERROR= 1E-4
%
% Max number of iterations of the linear solver for the implicit formulation
LINEAR_SOLVER_ITER= 5

% -------------------------- MULTIGRID PARAMETERS -----------------------------%
%
% Multi-Grid Levels (0 = no multi-grid)
MGLEVEL= 0
%
% Multi-grid cycle (V_CYCLE, W_CYCLE, FULLMG_CYCLE)
MGCYCLE= V_CYCLE
%
% Multi-grid pre-smoothing level
MG_PRE_SMOOTH= ( 1, 2, 3, 3 )
%
% Multi-grid post-smoothing level
MG_POST_SMOOTH= ( 0, 0, 0, 0 )
%
% Jacobi implicit smoothing of the correction
MG_CORRECTION_SMOOTH= ( 0, 0, 0, 0 )
%
% Damping factor for the residual restriction
MG_DAMP_RESTRICTION= 0.75
%
% Damping factor for the correction prolongation
MG_DAMP_PROLONGATION= 0.75

% -------------------- FLOW NUMERICAL METHOD DEFINITION -----------------------%
%
% Convective numerical method (JST, LAX-FRIEDRICH, CUSP, ROE, AUSM, HLLC,
%                              TURKEL_PREC, MSW)
CONV_NUM_METHOD_FLOW= ROE
%
% Spatial numerical order integration (1ST_ORDER, 2ND_ORDER, 2ND_ORDER_LIMITER)
%
SPATIAL_ORDER_FLOW= 2ND_ORDER_LIMITER
%
% Slope limiter (VENKATAKRISHNAN, MINMOD)
SLOPE_LIMITER_FLOW= VENKATAKRISHNAN
%
% 1st, 2nd and 4th order artificial dissipation coefficients
AD_COEFF_FLOW= ( 0.15, 0.5, 0.02 )
%
% Time discretization (RUNGE-KUTTA_EXPLICIT, EULER_IMPLICIT, EULER_EXPLICIT)
TIME_DISCRE_FLOW= EULER_IMPLICIT

% -------------------- TURBULENT NUMERICAL METHOD DEFINITION ------------------%
%
% Convective numerical method (SCALAR_UPWIND)
CONV_NUM_METHOD_TURB= SCALAR_UPWIND
%
% Spatial numerical order integration (1ST_ORDER, 2ND_ORDER, 2ND_ORDER_LIMITER)
%
SPATIAL_ORDER_TURB= 1ST_ORDER
%
% Slope limiter (VENKATAKRISHNAN, MINMOD)
SLOPE_LIMITER_TURB= VENKATAKRISHNAN
%
% Time discretization (EULER_IMPLICIT)
TIME_DISCRE_TURB= EULER_IMPLICIT

% --------------------------- CONVERGENCE PARAMETERS --------------------------%
%
% Convergence criteria (CAUCHY, RESIDUAL)
%
CONV_CRITERIA= RESIDUAL
%
% Residual reduction (order of magnitude with respect to the initial value)
RESIDUAL_REDUCTION= 5 %6
%
% Min value of the residual (log10 of the residual)
RESIDUAL_MINVAL= -7 %-10
%
% Start convergence criteria at iteration number
STARTCONV_ITER= 10
%
% Number of elements to apply the criteria
CAUCHY_ELEMS= 100
%
% Epsilon to control the series convergence
CAUCHY_EPS= 1E-6
%
% Function to apply the criteria (LIFT, DRAG, NEARFIELD_PRESS, SENS_GEOMETRY, 
%                            SENS_MACH, DELTA_LIFT, DELTA_DRAG)
CAUCHY_FUNC_FLOW= DRAG

% ------------------------- INPUT/OUTPUT INFORMATION --------------------------%
%
% Mesh input file
MESH_FILENAME= ./../mesh1.su2
%
% Mesh input file format (SU2, CGNS, NETCDF_ASCII)
MESH_FORMAT= SU2
%
% Mesh output file
MESH_OUT_FILENAME= mesh_out.su2
%
% Restart flow input file
SOLUTION_FLOW_FILENAME= restart_flow.dat
%
% Restart adjoint input file
SOLUTION_ADJ_FILENAME= solution_adj.dat
%
% Output file format (PARAVIEW, TECPLOT, STL)
OUTPUT_FORMAT= PARAVIEW %TECPLOT
%
% Output file convergence history (w/o extension) 
CONV_FILENAME= history
%
% Output file restart flow
RESTART_FLOW_FILENAME= restart_flow.dat
%
% Output file restart adjoint
RESTART_ADJ_FILENAME= restart_adj.dat
%
% Output file flow (w/o extension) variables
VOLUME_FLOW_FILENAME= flow
%
% Output file adjoint (w/o extension) variables
VOLUME_ADJ_FILENAME= adjoint
%
% Output objective function gradient (using continuous adjoint)
GRAD_OBJFUNC_FILENAME= of_grad.dat
%
% Output file surface flow coefficient (w/o extension)
SURFACE_FLOW_FILENAME= surface_flow
%
% Output file surface adjoint coefficient (w/o extension)
SURFACE_ADJ_FILENAME= surface_adjoint
%
% Writing solution file frequency
WRT_SOL_FREQ= 1000
%
% Writing convergence history frequency
WRT_CON_FREQ= 1
Do you have some suggestions regarding the setup?
How much small the residual minval has to be?
Have you done similar simulations with kOmega SST model? If yes, how good are your results comparing with experimental results in the fully turbulent case?

Thank you very much for the help,
best regards.

Pier

References:
[1] Selig, M.S., and McGranahan, B.D., “Wind Tunnel Aerodynamic Tests of Six Airfoils for Use on Small Wind Turbines,” NREL/SR-500-34515, Oct. 2004.
http://m-selig.ae.illinois.edu/pubs/...RNAirfoils.pdf

Last edited by PierluigiRossi; June 30, 2015 at 03:38. Reason: adding link to the paper
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Old   July 14, 2015, 16:33
Default
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Thomas D. Economon
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Hi Pierluigi,

For the incompressible case, have you tried the S-A model first? I would recommend starting there, since we have spent more time verifying the S-A model with the incompressible solver. You might also try in compressible mode (if the Mach number isn't too low) with both S-A and SST.

Hope this helps,
Tom
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Old   June 24, 2016, 05:56
Default about the configuration file
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GUO Hanching
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I am new to SU2, and working on the similar work. I have a doubt about this configuration file. I need to calculate the aerodynamic coefficient of an airfoil under different reynolds number(from 10000 to 60000), how can i change the reynolds number in this configuration file. only free stream velocity? if i want to change the chord length, where should I modify the parameters?
thanks a lot.
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