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How are recirculation zones quantified?

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Old   July 15, 2022, 04:40
Default How are recirculation zones quantified?
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Sung jin Bae
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I'm currently simulating flow inside a reverse-osmosis membrane channel (feed side) with spacers included. The problem is, I want to quantify recirculation zones occurring behind the spacers as the zones with low-velocity are accumulated with solute and are prone to fouling. These spacer configurations are to be compared so that I can see which configuration is the best.

I have read other posts regarding post-processing recirculation regions, but in my case, I don't believe any of those apply to my case because

i) my simulation is carried out in 3D; making a cross sectional area and computing the flow that passes it won't capture the flow rate accurately.

ii) my simulation conditions have low Reynold's number. I don't see much recirculation with velocity vector profiles. Why aren't the recirculation zones visible?

I have tried viewing shear stress and shear stress parallel to the flow direction. I'm not sure if integrating it gives me an accurate result.

Any suggestions?
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