# Floating dok on waves: free surface divergence

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 September 11, 2014, 02:13 Floating dok on waves: free surface divergence #1 New Member   Galchenko Olga Join Date: Nov 2012 Posts: 16 Rep Power: 13 Hello everybody! I'm trying to simulate wave forces on a floating dok using cfx. The dok is not moving, the wave is coming from the butt end. Computational domain contains half of the body, mesh is structured, hexaedral. The problem oocurs when free surface crosses the body around the half of its height - in this situation there is a water area between 2 walls of the dok. After a few time of simulation(when the wave does't reach the body) there happens a strage rise of water surface between the walls(see img) freesurf.jpg I had no problems with simulatings waves on objects like ships, so I used the same ideas to setup this problem: BC: wave profile on inlet, opening with entraintment on the opposite side and on the top, symmetry, slip wall on the side, no slip wall on dok and bottom. Solver setup was done according to free surface cfx tutorials. Though I couldn't use volume fraction coupling - solution crashes at first step. I tried to do calculations usins serial and parallel versions; simualing full dok, not half; refining mesh around dok and free surface; reducing timestep. Anyway, I couldn't get normal free surface form.. I would really appreciate some help here.. Why crossing free surface incide the domain causes such divergence? Does anyone have any experience or ideas how to solve this problem?

 September 11, 2014, 05:54 #2 Super Moderator   Glenn Horrocks Join Date: Mar 2009 Location: Sydney, Australia Posts: 17,732 Rep Power: 143 How fine is your mesh? You should try adjusting the free surface modelling parameters. Things like the volume fraction smoothing options might affect this. But I cannot tell you which parameter to adjust, you are just going to have to try them and see what works.

 September 11, 2014, 07:22 #3 New Member   Galchenko Olga Join Date: Nov 2012 Posts: 16 Rep Power: 13 My mesh around the free surface is about 10 cells per wave height. There seems to be not many of those parameters.. I mean there is initial volume fraction smoothing with only 1 option - volume-weighted and volume fraction coupling. Also I can add surface tention, but I have read it makes the problem less stable.. Are there any other parameters to vary, which I may not find? I tried to combine these ones in different ways, but the situation didn't change..

 September 11, 2014, 18:04 #4 Super Moderator   Glenn Horrocks Join Date: Mar 2009 Location: Sydney, Australia Posts: 17,732 Rep Power: 143 The decision as to whether to include surface tension is because it has a significant effect on the outcome, not how stable it is. If it is important then you must include it. 10 cells per wave height may not be enough. Try increasing mesh density.

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