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Old   October 27, 2003, 14:44
Default 1D wave equation
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I am trying to solve 1D wave equation using eulers explicit scheme.After Discretization I am getting the following equation.


The problem that I am facing is with the last term -Ui^(n-1).Because the values at (n-1) level are not known.We know only boundary conditions at nth level and are trying to find out at n+1 level.Then how to solve this equation.

Where v=c*(delta t/delta x);

Any help in this regard is higly solicilated.Thanks in advance.

regards rvndr

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Old   October 28, 2003, 03:43
Default Re: 1D wave equation
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at first time stpe say n=1 i.e n+1=2,n=1,n-1=0. You should use value of variable at n at n-1 are equal.One you solve everything at that time step the next time n=2 i.e n+1=3,n=2,n-1=1. Now you value of variable in n-1=1 and n=2 so you can proceed. Roman
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Old   October 30, 2003, 09:30
Default Re: 1D wave equation
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thanks..............i did the same way
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Old   November 3, 2003, 20:01
Default Re: 1D wave equation
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"You should use value of variable at n at n-1 are equal."

If you do that then you've effectively implemented u(x,0)=f(x) and u_t(x,0)=0 where the u_t equation is discretized with a one-sided approximation to the time derivative. Are these the initial conditions the original poster wanted ?
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Old   November 5, 2003, 05:13
Default Re: 1D wave equation
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The easiest way to initialise the problem

u_tt = c^2.u_xx with u=f(x), u_t = g(x) at t=0

is to use Taylor series

u = u(x,0) + dt.u_t(x,0) + (1/2)dt^2.u_tt + O(dt^3)

~ f(x) + dt.g(x) + (1/2)dt^3.c^2.f''(x) + O(dt^3)

you can use this formula to obtain u at time level n=1,


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Old   December 5, 2003, 21:28
Default Re: 1D wave equation
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Use forward difference if U_t is not specified at the boundary
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