# density gradient driven mass flows in gases

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 September 19, 2011, 11:38 density gradient driven mass flows in gases #1 Senior Member   Mirko Vukovic Join Date: Mar 2009 Posts: 159 Rep Power: 10 Sponsored Links Hello, I am struggling to understand how the following problem can be stated within the two-species species Navier-Stokes equations with diffusion. The following is an incompressible, low-pressure gas flow in the hydrodynamic regime. Consider a long thin tube, left half filled with a light gas (hydrogen, helium), the right half with a heavy gas (Argon, Xenon). The two halves are separated by a barrier. Gases are at same temperature and pressure. At time t=0, we remove the barrier, and the gases start diffusing. Since the light gas is diffusing in to the heavy gas, and the other way around, there is a mass flow from the right to the left. Questions: I can derive diffusion driven mass flow the diffusion equations. How do I couple that with the Navier Stokes equation? Momentum transfer is handled by the Navier-Stokes equations. But the NS equations only have external forces and the pressure gradient as the driving term. Is the diffusion the external forcing term? What am I missing? Thank you, Mirko
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