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Recursive output of Foam::word in gdb print command

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Old   July 18, 2017, 19:11
Unhappy Recursive output of Foam::word in gdb print command
  #1
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Di Cheng
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Hi, everyone

I am using gdb to read OpenFOAM codes and it is difficult to print fields like p and U because it contains recursively self static contained class Foam::word type and hence the gdb's print command will output things like this:

Code:
(gdb) p Foam::word::null
$83 = {<Foam::string> = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0,
    static null = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0, static null = <same as static member of an already seen type>}},
  static typeName = 0x7ffff4e398eb "word", static debug = 0, static null = {<Foam::string> = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0,
      static null = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0, static null = <same as static member of an already seen type>}},
    static typeName = 0x7ffff4e398eb "word", static debug = 0, static null = {<Foam::string> = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0,
        static null = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0, static null = <same as static member of an already seen type>}},
      static typeName = 0x7ffff4e398eb "word", static debug = 0, static null = {<Foam::string> = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0,
          static null = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0, static null = <same as static member of an already seen type>}},
        static typeName = 0x7ffff4e398eb "word", static debug = 0, static null = {<Foam::string> = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0,
            static null = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0, static null = <same as static member of an already seen type>}},
          static typeName = 0x7ffff4e398eb "word", static debug = 0, static null = {<Foam::string> = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0,
              static null = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0, static null = <same as static member of an already seen type>}},
            static typeName = 0x7ffff4e398eb "word", static debug = 0, static null = {<Foam::string> = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0,
                static null = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0, static null = <same as static member of an already seen type>}},
              static typeName = 0x7ffff4e398eb "word", static debug = 0, static null = {<Foam::string> = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0,
                  static null = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0, static null = <same as static member of an already seen type>}},
                static typeName = 0x7ffff4e398eb "word", static debug = 0, static null = {<Foam::string> = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0,
                    static null = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0, static null = <same as static member of an already seen type>}},
                  static typeName = 0x7ffff4e398eb "word", static debug = 0, static null = {<Foam::string> = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0,
                      static null = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0, static null = <same as static member of an already seen type>}},
                    static typeName = 0x7ffff4e398eb "word", static debug = 0, static null = {<Foam::string> = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0,
                        static null = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0, static null = <same as static member of an already seen type>}},
                      static typeName = 0x7ffff4e398eb "word", static debug = 0, static null = {<Foam::string> = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0,
                          static null = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0, static null = <same as static member of an already seen type>}},
                        static typeName = 0x7ffff4e398eb "word", static debug = 0, static null = {<Foam::string> = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0,
                            static null = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0, static null = <same as static member of an already seen type>}},
                          static typeName = 0x7ffff4e398eb "word", static debug = 0, static null = {<Foam::string> = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0,
                              static null = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0, static null = <same as static member of an already seen type>}},
                            static typeName = 0x7ffff4e398eb "word", static debug = 0, static null = {<Foam::string> = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0,
                                static null = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0, static null = <same as static member of an already seen type>}},
                              static typeName = 0x7ffff4e398eb "word", static debug = 0, static null = {<Foam::string> = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string",
                                  static debug = 0, static null = {<std::__cxx11::basic_string<char, std::char_traits<char>, std::allocator<char> >> = "", static typeName = 0x7ffff4e38b8a "string", static debug = 0,
question: I want to know why and how to print it better.

note: Foam::word is contained in almost every Foam object, so the print command is almost useless in gdb now.

I tried to search stack-overflow and this forum. I found some circumvent method to overcome this in certain cases. For example

Code:
(gdb) p *p.v_@p.size_
$86 = {0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0}
will output the scalarFields values and do not output any Foam::word

However, it is difficult to apply this method to U, a Foam::GeometricField vector type.
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Old   July 19, 2017, 20:19
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  #2
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Di Cheng
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As the answer in stackoverflow: https://stackoverflow.com/a/45184261/4592964

set print static-members off

is a good choice
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