# k-omega SST flow over a cylinder

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 May 30, 2013, 07:47 k-omega SST flow over a cylinder #1 New Member   Gao Pan Join Date: Mar 2013 Posts: 13 Rep Power: 13 I simulated flow over a cylinder with k-omega SST model. But the result was very wrong. Here is some configuration of my case. D=3.81cm, U=0.19m/s, fluid is set to be water. U and p B.C. is set as usual. B.C. of k is fixedValue=1e-12 at the cylinder. B.C. of nut is fixedValue=nutUSpaldingWallFunciton at the cylinder or fixedValue=1e-12. B.C. of omega is omegaWallFunction. y+is around 1 according to y+=0.172*delta_y/D*Re^0.9. With this configuration, there is vortex shedding and the frequency seems to be Ok, but the pressure at the cylinder is totally wrong, which leads to a wrong drag and lift force. Anybody know what is wrong with my case, please give me some advice.

May 30, 2013, 08:20
#2
New Member

Anselme Bonnet
Join Date: Apr 2013
Location: France
Posts: 14
Rep Power: 13
Quote:
 Originally Posted by GP_FDU I simulated flow over a cylinder with k-omega SST model. But the result was very wrong. Here is some configuration of my case. D=3.81cm, U=0.19m/s, fluid is set to be water. U and p B.C. is set as usual. B.C. of k is fixedValue=1e-12 at the cylinder. B.C. of nut is fixedValue=nutUSpaldingWallFunciton at the cylinder or fixedValue=1e-12. B.C. of omega is omegaWallFunction. y+is around 1 according to y+=0.172*delta_y/D*Re^0.9. With this configuration, there is vortex shedding and the frequency seems to be Ok, but the pressure at the cylinder is totally wrong, which leads to a wrong drag and lift force. Anybody know what is wrong with my case, please give me some advice.

It's difficult to say, maybe you can put fvScheme file, fvSolution file and your boundaries conditions online.

 May 30, 2013, 10:01 #3 New Member   Gao Pan Join Date: Mar 2013 Posts: 13 Rep Power: 13 Hi Anselme, the main boundaries are as below: omega boundary: Code: ```/*--------------------------------*- C++ -*----------------------------------*\ | ========= | | | \\ / F ield | OpenFOAM: The Open Source CFD Toolbox | | \\ / O peration | Version: 2.2.0 | | \\ / A nd | Web: www.OpenFOAM.org | | \\/ M anipulation | | \*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ FoamFile { version 2.0; format ascii; class volScalarField; location "0"; object omega; } // * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * // dimensions [0 0 -1 0 0 0 0]; internalField uniform 0; boundaryField { right { type zeroGradient; } up { type symmetryPlane; } left { type fixedValue; value uniform 0.2; } cylinder { type omegaWallFunction; Cmu 0.09; kappa 0.41; E 9.8; beta1 0.075; value uniform 1e7; } defaultFaces { type empty; } } // ************************************************************************* //``` k boundary Code: ```/*--------------------------------*- C++ -*----------------------------------*\ | ========= | | | \\ / F ield | OpenFOAM: The Open Source CFD Toolbox | | \\ / O peration | Version: 2.2.0 | | \\ / A nd | Web: www.OpenFOAM.org | | \\/ M anipulation | | \*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ FoamFile { version 2.0; format ascii; class volScalarField; location "0"; object k; } // * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * // dimensions [0 2 -2 0 0 0 0]; internalField uniform 0; boundaryField { right { type zeroGradient; } up { type symmetryPlane; } left { type fixedValue; value uniform 0; } cylinder { type fixedValue; value uniform 1e-12; } defaultFaces { type empty; } } // ************************************************************************* //``` nut boundary: Code: ```/*--------------------------------*- C++ -*----------------------------------*\ | ========= | | | \\ / F ield | OpenFOAM: The Open Source CFD Toolbox | | \\ / O peration | Version: 2.2.0 | | \\ / A nd | Web: www.OpenFOAM.org | | \\/ M anipulation | | \*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ FoamFile { version 2.0; format ascii; class volScalarField; location "0"; object nut; } // * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * // dimensions [0 2 -1 0 0 0 0]; internalField uniform 0; boundaryField { right { type zeroGradient; } up { type symmetryPlane; } left { type fixedValue; value uniform 0; } cylinder { type nutUSpaldingWallFunction; Cmu 0.09; kappa 0.41; E 9.8; value uniform 1e-12; } defaultFaces { type empty; } } // ************************************************************************* //```

 May 30, 2013, 10:05 #4 New Member   Gao Pan Join Date: Mar 2013 Posts: 13 Rep Power: 13 The fvscheme and fvsolution file are : Code: ```/*--------------------------------*- C++ -*----------------------------------*\ | ========= | | | \\ / F ield | OpenFOAM: The Open Source CFD Toolbox | | \\ / O peration | Version: 2.2.0 | | \\ / A nd | Web: www.OpenFOAM.org | | \\/ M anipulation | | \*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ FoamFile { version 2.0; format ascii; class dictionary; object fvSchemes; } // * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * // ddtSchemes { default Euler; } gradSchemes { default Gauss linear; grad(p) Gauss linear; grad(U) Gauss linear; } divSchemes { default none; div(phi,U) Gauss linearUpwind grad(U); div(phi,k) Gauss limitedLinear 1; div(phi,omega) Gauss limitedLinear 1; div((nuEff*dev(T(grad(U))))) Gauss linear; } laplacianSchemes { default Gauss linear limited corrected 0.5; } interpolationSchemes { default linear; } snGradSchemes { default corrected; } fluxRequired { default no; pcorr ; p; } // ************************************************************************* //``` Code: ```/*--------------------------------*- C++ -*----------------------------------*\ | ========= | | | \\ / F ield | OpenFOAM: The Open Source CFD Toolbox | | \\ / O peration | Version: 2.2.0 | | \\ / A nd | Web: www.OpenFOAM.org | | \\/ M anipulation | | \*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ FoamFile { version 2.0; format ascii; class dictionary; object fvSolution; } // * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * // solvers { pcorr { solver GAMG; tolerance 0.02; relTol 0; smoother GaussSeidel; nPreSweeps 0; nPostSweeps 2; cacheAgglomeration on; agglomerator faceAreaPair; nCellsInCoarsestLevel 10; mergeLevels 1; } p { solver GAMG; tolerance 1e-9; relTol 0.01; smoother GaussSeidel; nPreSweeps 0; nPostSweeps 2; cacheAgglomeration on; agglomerator faceAreaPair; nCellsInCoarsestLevel 10; mergeLevels 1; } pFinal { \$p; tolerance 1e-9; relTol 0; } "(U|k|omega)" { solver PBiCG; preconditioner DILU; tolerance 1e-07; relTol 0.1; } "(U|k|omega)Final" { \$U; tolerance 1e-07; relTol 0; } cellDisplacement { solver GAMG; tolerance 1e-5; relTol 0; smoother GaussSeidel; cacheAgglomeration true; nCellsInCoarsestLevel 10; agglomerator faceAreaPair; mergeLevels 1; } } PIMPLE { correctPhi yes; nOuterCorrectors 2; nCorrectors 1; nNonOrthogonalCorrectors 0; } relaxationFactors { fields { p 0.3; } equations { "(U|k|omega)" 0.7; "(U|k|omega)Final" 1.0; } } cache { grad(U); } // ************************************************************************* //```

 May 30, 2013, 23:10 #5 New Member   Gao Pan Join Date: Mar 2013 Posts: 13 Rep Power: 13 Does anybody have some ideas?

 June 2, 2013, 12:40 #6 Senior Member   HECKMANN Frédéric Join Date: Jul 2010 Posts: 249 Rep Power: 16 1) you can try to set 1 or 2 non orthogonal correction (nNonOrthogonalCorrectors ) depending of your mesh. 2) Is it normal that your pcorr solver has only a tolerance of 0.02 ?! 3) Your pressure relaxation number looks a bit low for an unsteady simulation. Ideally it has to be close to 1 to really catch the unsteadiness. 0.8 would be much better I think. 4) Where did you get your k and omega value for the inlet ? Those two values are really important to predict the boundary layer separation. 5) use the "yPlusRAS -latestTime" to really compute the yplus of your case ...

June 4, 2013, 07:46
#7
New Member

Gao Pan
Join Date: Mar 2013
Posts: 13
Rep Power: 13
hi Heckmann,

I modified the files according to your suggestion. But It seemed to have little influence on the result.
I tried two cases of which the yplus is 1.1 and 0.8 computed by the utility.

Something interesting is that the pressure near the cylinder seems to be OK if you ignore the sudden change of them. It suddenly change to a very high or very low value. it looked like this:
Attached Images
 unnormal.jpg (11.6 KB, 177 views)

 June 4, 2013, 07:48 #8 Senior Member   HECKMANN Frédéric Join Date: Jul 2010 Posts: 249 Rep Power: 16 how is your mesh ? Can you give a screenshot ? Also, you can run a "checkMesh" utility and give the report

June 4, 2013, 09:40
#9
New Member

Gao Pan
Join Date: Mar 2013
Posts: 13
Rep Power: 13
I checked mesh, it showed the mesh is all OK.
here is the report:
Code:
```// * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * //
Create time

Create polyMesh for time = 0

Time = 0

Mesh stats
points:           115260
internal points:  0
faces:            228930
internal faces:   113670
cells:            57100
faces per cell:   6
boundary patches: 5
point zones:      0
face zones:       0
cell zones:       0

Overall number of cells of each type:
hexahedra:     57100
prisms:        0
wedges:        0
pyramids:      0
tet wedges:    0
tetrahedra:    0
polyhedra:     0

Checking topology...
Boundary definition OK.
Point usage OK.
Upper triangular ordering OK.
Face vertices OK.
Number of regions: 1 (OK).

Checking patch topology for multiply connected surfaces...
Patch               Faces    Points   Surface topology
right               130      262      ok (non-closed singly connected)
up                  540      1084     ok (non-closed singly connected)
left                130      262      ok (non-closed singly connected)
cylinder            260      520      ok (non-closed singly connected)
defaultFaces        114200   115260   ok (non-closed singly connected)

Checking geometry...
Overall domain bounding box (-0.2286 -0.2667 -0.01905) (0.5715 0.2667 0.01905)
Mesh (non-empty, non-wedge) directions (1 1 0)
Mesh (non-empty) directions (1 1 0)
All edges aligned with or perpendicular to non-empty directions.
Boundary openness (5.842462579e-18 -3.1197547e-17 1.227081693e-15) OK.
Max cell openness = 2.093623056e-16 OK.
Max aspect ratio = 10.99434892 OK.
Minimum face area = 1.690836995e-08. Maximum face area = 0.0004056543995.  Face area magnitudes OK.
Min volume = 6.442088951e-10. Max volume = 1.940056445e-06.  Total volume = 0.01621663178.  Cell volumes OK.
Mesh non-orthogonality Max: 44.11247936 average: 9.104769412
Non-orthogonality check OK.
Face pyramids OK.
Max skewness = 0.5934534386 OK.
Coupled point location match (average 0) OK.

Mesh OK.```
I know the mesh is a little coarse. But the I tried some fine mesh, the result showed no big difference.
Attached Images
 asd.jpg (91.9 KB, 234 views)

 June 4, 2013, 10:04 #10 Senior Member   HECKMANN Frédéric Join Date: Jul 2010 Posts: 249 Rep Power: 16 From the picture on post 7, it looks like you have a divergence... 1) Personally I would not set k = 0 at the inlet since it doesn't have any physical meaning. You can use the tool http://www.cfd-online.com/Tools/turbulence.php to estimate it. Roughly, you can set it as equal to 1e-6. 2) I'm not familiar with pimpleFoam (I work more on rhoPimpleFoam) but I think that you can set the inlet boundary of nut as "calculated" or "zeroGradient" since nut is derived from k and omega (If I remember well my classics). 3) maybe you have a problem with the time step. What is your maximum Courant Number (given at each iteration) ? It should be lower than 0.2 to avoid divergence or some sporadic crazy behavior. You can also try to use a second order scheme for ddt or maybe a cranknicholson. 4) try to change the turbulent div scheme to linearUpwind. It's often more stable. Rafael_Coelho likes this.

 June 5, 2013, 04:10 #11 New Member   Gao Pan Join Date: Mar 2013 Posts: 13 Rep Power: 13 Hi Heckmann, Thanks very much for your patience and kindness. Following your suggestions, I finally succeed to get a reasonable result. I changed the maxCo to 0.2 the pressure relaxation number to 0.8, and the time scheme to CrankNicolson 0.5. I am not good at CFD. For many parameters in the case files, sometimes I don't know how to set them -- I don't know what value is appropriate. I am trying to learn. Could you give me some advise?

 June 5, 2013, 04:15 #12 Senior Member   HECKMANN Frédéric Join Date: Jul 2010 Posts: 249 Rep Power: 16 CFD is most of the time a matter of experience. I've never found any book or class able to really prepare a student to deal with "advanced" cfd. The only thing you have to do is to keep working and trying In French we say: "c'est en forgeant qu'on devient forgeron", that you could roughly translate to "practice makes perfect". louisgag, JR22, OpenF and 2 others like this.

June 5, 2013, 04:54
#13
New Member

Anselme Bonnet
Join Date: Apr 2013
Location: France
Posts: 14
Rep Power: 13
Quote:
 Originally Posted by GP_FDU Hi Heckmann, Thanks very much for your patience and kindness. Following your suggestions, I finally succeed to get a reasonable result. I changed the maxCo to 0.2 the pressure relaxation number to 0.8, and the time scheme to CrankNicolson 0.5. I am not good at CFD. For many parameters in the case files, sometimes I don't know how to set them -- I don't know what value is appropriate. I am trying to learn. Could you give me some advise?
I completely agree with Frederick, particularly with OpenFOAM, where you set all the parameters of the computation. For example, with Fluent, you still don't understand what you are doing ..

I use OpenFOAM since two month and I agree with you, it is not always easy ..

I can only advise you to learn about CFD online and trust people who have written hundreds of posts..

I am particularly interested in your blockMeshDict your cylinder. I would be very grateful if you can give me your file.

Thank you,
Anselme

June 5, 2013, 05:04
#14
New Member

Gao Pan
Join Date: Mar 2013
Posts: 13
Rep Power: 13
Hi, Bonnet

My blockmeshDict is copied from the tutorial case in potentialFoam. You can download my file from the attachment, or go to the tutorial to find the original file.
Attached Files
 blockMeshDict.txt (3.6 KB, 43 views)

June 5, 2013, 06:07
#15
New Member

Anselme Bonnet
Join Date: Apr 2013
Location: France
Posts: 14
Rep Power: 13
Thank you, I didn't see that ! But It's only a semi-cylinder. So I duplicated it but It seems to have a problem with my mesh regarding the connections in the symmetry plane. If you look on the picture, there is abnormal features in the symmetry plane

Code:
```/*--------------------------------*- C++ -*----------------------------------*\
| =========                 |                                                 |
| \\      /  F ield         | OpenFOAM: The Open Source CFD Toolbox           |
|  \\    /   O peration     | Version:  2.2.0                                 |
|   \\  /    A nd           | Web:      www.OpenFOAM.org                      |
|    \\/     M anipulation  |                                                 |
\*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
FoamFile
{
version         2.0;
format          ascii;
root            "";
case            "";
instance        "";
local           "";

class           dictionary;
object          blockMeshDict;
}
// * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * //
convertToMeters 0.0381;
vertices
(

(0.5 0 -0.5) //0
(2 0 -0.5)
(15 0 -0.5)
(15 1.414214 -0.5)
(1.414214 1.414214 -0.5)
(0.353553 0.353553 -0.5)
(15 7 -0.5)
(1.414214 7 -0.5)
(0 7 -0.5)
(0 2 -0.5)
(0 0.5 -0.5) //10
(-0.5 0 -0.5)
(-2 0 -0.5)
(-6 0 -0.5)
(-6 1.414214 -0.5)
(-1.414214 1.414214 -0.5)
(-0.353553 0.353553 -0.5)
(-6 7 -0.5)
(-1.414214 7 -0.5)
(0.5 0 0.5)
(2 0 0.5) //20
(15 0 0.5)
(15 1.414214 0.5)
(1.414214 1.414214 0.5)
(0.353553 0.353553 0.5)
(15 7 0.5)
(1.414214 7 0.5)
(0 7 0.5)
(0 2 0.5)
(0 0.5 0.5)
(-0.5 0 0.5) //30
(-2 0 0.5)
(-6 0 0.5)
(-6 1.414214 0.5)
(-1.414214 1.414214 0.5)
(-0.353553 0.353553 0.5)
(-6 7 0.5)
(-1.414214 7 0.5) //37

(15 -1.414214 -0.5)  //38
(1.414214 -1.414214 -0.5)
(0.353553 -0.353553 -0.5)
(15 -7 -0.5)
(1.414214 -7 -0.5)
(0 -7 -0.5)
(0 -2 -0.5)
(0 -0.5 -0.5) //45
(-6 -1.414214 -0.5) //46
(-1.414214 -1.414214 -0.5)
(-0.353553 -0.353553 -0.5)
(-6 -7 -0.5)
(-1.414214 -7 -0.5) //50
(15 -1.414214 0.5) //51
(1.414214 -1.414214 0.5)
(0.353553 -0.353553 0.5)
(15 -7 0.5)
(1.414214 -7 0.5)
(0 -7 0.5)
(0 -2 0.5)
(0 -0.5 0.5) //58
(-6 -1.414214 0.5) //59
(-1.414214 -1.414214 0.5)
(-0.353553 -0.353553 0.5)
(-6 -7 0.5)
(-1.414214 -7 0.5) //63
);

blocks
(
hex (5 4 9 10 24 23 28 29) (100 25 1) simpleGrading (60 1 1)  //0
hex (0 1 4 5 19 20 23 24) (100 25 1) simpleGrading (60 1 1)   //1
hex (1 2 3 4 20 21 22 23) (150 25 1) simpleGrading (2 1 1)   //2
hex (4 3 6 7 23 22 25 26) (150 40 1) simpleGrading (2 5 1)   //3
hex (9 4 7 8 28 23 26 27) (25 40 1) simpleGrading (1 5 1)   //4
hex (15 16 10 9 34 35 29 28) (100 25 1) simpleGrading (0.0166667 1 1) //5
hex (12 11 16 15 31 30 35 34) (100 25 1) simpleGrading (0.0166667 1 1) //6
hex (13 12 15 14 32 31 34 33) (40 25 1) simpleGrading (1 1 1)  //7
hex (14 15 18 17 33 34 37 36) (40 40 1) simpleGrading (1 5 1)  //8
hex (15 9 8 18 34 28 27 37) (25 40 1) simpleGrading (1 5 1)   //9
hex (40 39 44 45 53 52 57 58) (100 25 1) simpleGrading (60 1 1) //10
hex (0 1 39 40 19 20 52 53) (100 25 1) simpleGrading (60 1 1)  //11
hex (1 2 38 39 20 21 51 52) (150 25 1) simpleGrading (2 1 1)   //12
hex (39 38 41 42 52 51 54 55) (150 40 1) simpleGrading (2 5 1) //13
hex (44 39 42 43 57 52 55 56) (25 40 1) simpleGrading (1 5 1)  //14
hex (47 48 45 44 60 61 58 57) (100 25 1) simpleGrading (0.0166667 1 1) //15
hex (12 11 48 47 31 30 61 60) (100 25 1) simpleGrading (0.0166667 1 1) //16
hex (13 12 47 46 32 31 60 59) (40 25 1) simpleGrading (1 1 1) //17
hex (46 47 50 49 59 60 63 62) (40 40 1) simpleGrading (1 5 1) //18
hex (47 44 43 50 60 57 56 63) (25 40 1) simpleGrading (1 5 1) //19

);
edges
(
arc 0 5 (0.469846 0.17101 -0.5)
arc 5 10 (0.17101 0.469846 -0.5)
arc 1 4 (1.879386 0.68404 -0.5)
arc 4 9 (0.68404 1.879386 -0.5)
arc 19 24 (0.469846 0.17101 0.5)
arc 24 29 (0.17101 0.469846 0.5)
arc 20 23 (1.879386 0.68404 0.5)
arc 23 28 (0.68404 1.879386 0.5)
arc 11 16 (-0.469846 0.17101 -0.5)
arc 16 10 (-0.17101 0.469846 -0.5)
arc 12 15 (-1.879386 0.68404 -0.5)
arc 15 9 (-0.68404 1.879386 -0.5)
arc 30 35 (-0.469846 0.17101 0.5)
arc 35 29 (-0.17101 0.469846 0.5)
arc 31 34 (-1.879386 0.68404 0.5)
arc 34 28 (-0.68404 1.879386 0.5)
arc 0 40 (0.469846 -0.17101 -0.5)
arc 40 45 (0.17101 -0.469846 -0.5)
arc 1 39 (1.879386 -0.68404 -0.5)
arc 39 44 (0.68404 -1.879386 -0.5)
arc 19 53 (0.469846 -0.17101 0.5)
arc 53 58 (0.17101 -0.469846 0.5)
arc 20 52 (1.879386 -0.68404 0.5)
arc 52 57 (0.68404 -1.879386 0.5)
arc 11 48 (-0.469846 -0.17101 -0.5)
arc 48 45 (-0.17101 -0.469846 -0.5)
arc 12 47 (-1.879386 -0.68404 -0.5)
arc 47 44 (-0.68404 -1.879386 -0.5)
arc 30 61 (-0.469846 -0.17101 0.5)
arc 61 58 (-0.17101 -0.469846 0.5)
arc 31 60 (-1.879386 -0.68404 0.5)
arc 60 57 (-0.68404 -1.879386 0.5)
);
boundary
(
inlet
{
type patch;
faces
(
(14 13 32 33)
(17 14 33 36)
(46 13 32 59)
(49 46 59 62)
);
}
outlet
{
type patch;
faces
(
(2 3 22 21)
(3 6 25 22)
(2 38 51 21)
(38 41 54 51)
);
}

cylinder
{
type wall;
faces
(
(30 11 16 35)
(35 16 10 29)
(10 29 24 5)
(24 5 0 19)
(0 19 53 40)
(53 40 45 58)
(45 58 61 48)
(48 61 30 11)
);
}
frontAndBack
{
type empty;
faces
(
(14 15 18 17)
(15 18 8 9)
(8 9 4 7)
(7 6 3 4)
(14 15 12 13)
(12 15 16 11)
(15 16 10 9)
(9 10 5 4)
(4 5 0 1)
(4 1 2 3)
(36 37 34 33)
(37 34 28 27)
(27 28 23 26)
(26 23 22 25)
(33 34 31 32)
(34 31 30 35)
(34 35 29 28)
(28 29 24 23)
(23 24 19 20)
(23 20 21 22)

(46 47 50 49)
(47 50 43 44)
(43 44 39 42)
(42 41 38 39)
(46 47 12 13)
(12 47 48 11)
(47 48 45 44)
(44 45 40 39)
(39 40 0 1)
(39 1 2 38)
(62 63 60 59)
(63 60 57 56)
(56 57 52 55)
(55 52 51 54)
(59 60 31 32)
(60 31 30 61)
(60 61 58 57)
(57 58 53 52)
(52 53 19 20)
(52 20 21 51)
);
}
);

// ************************************************************************* //```
Attached Images
 mesh.jpg (95.2 KB, 144 views)

June 5, 2013, 09:04
#16
New Member

Gao Pan
Join Date: Mar 2013
Posts: 13
Rep Power: 13
Use mirrorMesh utility to create a mirror mesh. Set control parameters in mirrorMeshDict in system directory.
Attached Files
 mirrorMeshDict.txt (985 Bytes, 33 views)

 June 5, 2013, 10:08 #17 New Member   Anselme Bonnet Join Date: Apr 2013 Location: France Posts: 14 Rep Power: 13 thank you! I did what you said, I put the file "mirrorMeshDict" in the system directory, but before and after the computation, I can't generate the mesh, I still have a half-cylinder .. Maybe I need to put something in the controlDict or somewhere?

 June 5, 2013, 10:35 #18 New Member   Gao Pan Join Date: Mar 2013 Posts: 13 Rep Power: 13 which version do you use? if of1.6ext, please check the 0 directory.

 June 8, 2013, 12:29 k-w-SST steady-2D #19 New Member   Manuel Díaz Brito Join Date: Jun 2013 Posts: 16 Rep Power: 13 Dear all, I have been following this thread because I am starting to use OpenFOAM and trying to simulate the case of a circular cylinder, starting from a simulation in steady and 2D conditions. Not extent of some trouble I have finnally built a case which runs properly, but I get values of drag around 0.012 only! My fvSchemes and fvSolution scripts are below these lines. Any thoughts will be more than welcome Code: ```/*--------------------------------*- C++ -*----------------------------------*\ | ========= | | | \\ / F ield | OpenFOAM: The Open Source CFD Toolbox | | \\ / O peration | Version: 2.1.1 | | \\ / A nd | Web: www.OpenFOAM.org | | \\/ M anipulation | | \*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ FoamFile { version 2.0; format ascii; class dictionary; object fvSchemes; } // * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * // ddtSchemes { default steadyState; } gradSchemes { default Gauss linear; grad(p) Gauss linear; grad(U) Gauss linear; } divSchemes { default none; div(phi,U) Gauss linearUpwind grad(U); div(phi,k) Gauss linearUpwind grad(k); div(phi,omega) Gauss linearUpwind grad(omega); div((nuEff*dev(T(grad(U))))) Gauss linear; } laplacianSchemes { default Gauss linear corrected; laplacian(nuEff,U) Gauss linear corrected; laplacian((1|A(U)),p) Gauss linear corrected; laplacian(DkEff,k) Gauss linear corrected; laplacian(DomegaEff,omega) Gauss linear corrected; } interpolationSchemes { default linear; } snGradSchemes { default corrected; } fluxRequired { default no; p; } // ************************************************************************* //``` Code: ```/*--------------------------------*- C++ -*----------------------------------*\ | ========= | | | \\ / F ield | OpenFOAM: The Open Source CFD Toolbox | | \\ / O peration | Version: 2.1.1 | | \\ / A nd | Web: www.OpenFOAM.org | | \\/ M anipulation | | \*---------------------------------------------------------------------------*/ FoamFile { version 2.0; format ascii; class dictionary; object fvSolution; } // * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * // solvers { p { solver GAMG; tolerance 1e-16; relTol 0.1; smoother GaussSeidel; nPreSweeps 0; nPostSweeps 2; cacheAgglomeration on; agglomerator faceAreaPair; nCellsInCoarsestLevel 10; mergeLevels 1; } pFinal { solver GAMG; tolerance 1e-16; relTol 0; smoother GaussSeidel; cacheAgglomeration true; nCellsInCoarsestLevel 10; agglomerator faceAreaPair; mergeLevels 1; } U { solver PBiCG; preconditioner DILU; tolerance 1e-16; relTol 0.1; } k { solver PBiCG; preconditioner DILU; tolerance 1e-16; relTol 0.1; minIter 1; } omega { solver PBiCG; preconditioner DILU; tolerance 1e-16; relTol 0.1; minIter 1; } } SIMPLE { nNonOrthogonalCorrectors 0; residualControl { p 1e-16; U 1e-16; k 1e-16; omega 1e-16; } } potentialFlow { nNonOrthogonalCorrectors 10; } relaxationFactors { fields { p 0.5; } equations { U 0.5; k 0.5; omega 0.5; } } cache { grad(U); } // ************************************************************************* //```

 June 8, 2013, 12:54 #20 Senior Member   HECKMANN Frédéric Join Date: Jul 2010 Posts: 249 Rep Power: 16 Did you set the good value for the force function (in controldict) ? I mean, does your reference length and all other arguments are ok ?