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What does the Boussinesq eddy viscosity hypothesis really means? 

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July 3, 2022, 23:17 
What does the Boussinesq eddy viscosity hypothesis really means?

#1 
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Songrui LI
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Hi CFDers
I just stepped into the mathematics of the RANS model and I got stuck. When I read the Boussinesq hypothesis, also called the eddy viscosity hypothesis, I saw this equation and the name of every term. Such as where denotes the eddy viscosity, the strain rate tensor and the turbulent kinetic energy. But I still have concerns, After some research, here are what I know so far: the strain rate tensor describes the rate of change of the deformation of the fluid in the neighborhood of a certain point. The turbulent momentum transfer results in the deformation of the fluid, and the deformation gives rise to viscous forces in its interior against the deformation, due to friction between adjacent fluid elements, and due to the internal stress tensor. And the turbulent kinetic energy defines the energy of motion carried by fluid flow. And it dissipates down the turbulence energy cascade. Here are what I still don't know： Why the kinetic energy term in the above equation? I don't know how the turbulent kinetic energy is related to the stress tensor. Why and in the above equation? I don't know whether this is pure empirical or if there is a theory behind these factors. Thank you 

July 4, 2022, 11:55 

#2  
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Filippo Maria Denaro
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Quote:
I suggest you to think about the decomposition of the tensor in isotropic and deviatoric parts. You will see the 1/3 appearing. The model is for the deviatoric part of the stress, thus the isotropic part will be added to the pressure. The 2 appears exactly as in in the molecular diffusion term. 

July 4, 2022, 20:55 

#4  
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Xingguang Zhou
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About the coefficient 2/3, this is from the average of turbulent kinematic energy. Actually here is Pt, a "pressure" due to fluctuating velocity. Best Regards. 

July 5, 2022, 10:53 

#5 
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Lucky
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Really it's about understanding where the 3 in 1/3 comes from. If you're asking why 2, then look at the definition of S and tell me why there is a 1/2 in it.


July 7, 2022, 02:53 

#6  
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Songrui LI
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I followed your lead and I found this section demonstrates what you say and it really helps me. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viscou...viscous_stress 

July 7, 2022, 02:55 

#7 
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Songrui LI
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July 7, 2022, 15:40 

#8 
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No, please, don't go into linear algebra, just, literally, take the trace of both sides, which are 3x3 tensors, so just take the sum of their 3 diagonal terms and take note of the definitions of all the terms


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