# Fixed value pressure at the outlet and zeroGradient pressure at the inlet

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 February 13, 2020, 15:47 Fixed value pressure at the outlet and zeroGradient pressure at the inlet #1 New Member   Goli Join Date: Jul 2019 Posts: 7 Rep Power: 5 Dear All, I am simulating an incompressible flow past an airfoil. I have read the comments and also Versteeg book about the proper boundary conditions. All of them say that we should not use zero gradient condition for the pressure at the outlet. I was wondering that why we should put fixed value pressure at the outlet and zeroGradient pressure at the inlet? Even if we go far from the airfoil (e.g. 30chord for the inlet and 30chord for the outlet), why should not we fix the pressure at the inlet and why should not we put zerogradient pressure at the outlet? Regards, Goli

 February 13, 2020, 18:05 #2 Senior Member     Herpes Free Engineer Join Date: Sep 2019 Location: The Home Under The Ground with the Lost Boys Posts: 932 Rep Power: 11 You can. What all those remarks state actually state that you need to impose a fixed value for pressure at somewhere on your domain boundaries for incompressible flor computations. If you do not specify it, the matrix system behind the curtain is ill-conditioned. The most intuitive combination element is setting outlet pressure to zero for incomp sims, so you assume at the very 'far' off the field of interest, the flow state reaches the ambient reference conditions, free from the effects of the upstream perturbations. I could write out a more formal, more systematic, more math-concrete explanations. But I think you can find the answer by reviewing the literature, which is abundant for these matters, I think. mCiFlDk likes this. __________________ The OpenFOAM community is the biggest contributor to OpenFOAM: User guide/Wiki-1/Wiki-2/Code guide/Code Wiki/Journal Nilsson/Guerrero/Holzinger/Holzmann/Nagy/Santos/Nozaki/Jasak/Primer Governance Bugs/Features: OpenFOAM (ESI-OpenCFD-Trademark) Bugs/Features: FOAM-Extend (Wikki-FSB) Bugs: OpenFOAM.org How to create a MWE New: Forkable OpenFOAM mirror

 February 13, 2020, 21:39 #3 New Member   Goli Join Date: Jul 2019 Posts: 7 Rep Power: 5 Dear HPE, Thank you for your reply. In the book "An Introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics" by Versteeg, on page 271, it it is said: "If the location of the outlet is selected far away from geometrical disturbances the flow eventually reaches a fully developed state where no change occurs in the flow direction. In such a region we can place an outlet surface and state that the gradients of all variables (except pressure) are zero in the flow direction." I would be grateful if someone can help me to understand the reason of the above sentence. Regards, Goli

 March 25, 2022, 13:33 #4 New Member   James Lee Join Date: Jul 2017 Posts: 5 Rep Power: 7 If geometrical disturbances near the outlet is strong (e.g. presence of vortices), unwanted backflow can happen at the outlet boundary and screw up your solutions.

 Tags airfoil 2d, pressure bc