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 October 16, 2013, 04:40 Boundary condition for free convection #1 New Member   Join Date: May 2013 Posts: 8 Rep Power: 11 Hi What are the suitable boundary condition for free convection in starccm+. I am trying to simulate natural convection of a sphere in open atmosphere. so my thought was that freestream conditon all around with very low velocity and boundaries at a very large distanec would work but it dooesnt seem to give physical results. Any suggestions.I have also already triend with adiabatic walls at a large distance. any suggestions or your experiences with such problems will be appreciated. Thanks Cobra likes this.

 June 13, 2017, 11:49 #2 New Member   Nicholas Join Date: Nov 2015 Location: Modena, Italy Posts: 20 Rep Power: 9 I know this answer is coming pretty late, but I think it still may be useful for someone looking for it. You should build a spherical domain around your object, with a diameter 3 to 5 times the major diagonal of the object. Boundary condition should be 'Pressure Outlet'. As pressure you should probably set Field Function 'Pressure' (not 100% sure here, but for me it worked most of the times). When I tried to use a bigger domain (say 20 times the major diagonal) the solution couldn't converge. I already posted some question in the forum about this specific problem.

June 15, 2017, 14:44
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Quote:
 Originally Posted by Cobra Boundary condition should be 'Pressure Outlet'. As pressure you should probably set Field Function 'Pressure' (not 100% sure here, but for me it worked most of the times).

Don't do this. The field function 'pressure' is solved for. The whole point of a pressure condition is to specify the pressure. You can make your own field function named pressure and use that, but do not use the internal field function pressure. I don't think it makes any sense to do that.

 June 16, 2017, 05:29 #4 New Member   Nicholas Join Date: Nov 2015 Location: Modena, Italy Posts: 20 Rep Power: 9 I agree, I was wrong in my previous reply. In the Adapco website I found a guide to set the boundary conditions for open air natural convection https://thesteveportal.plm.automatio...S/FAQ/RD-5-112 From what I understood the Field Function should be written as: -1.18*9.81*\$\$Position[2]*((300/\$Temperature)-1) where 1.18 is representing the reference density. Right now I'm waiting for a renewal of my licence so I can't test its validity. Last edited by Cobra; June 18, 2017 at 10:40.

 June 16, 2017, 09:17 #5 Senior Member   Chaotic Water Join Date: Jul 2012 Location: Elgrin Fau Posts: 392 Rep Power: 15 How do you people get access to StevePortal? - Only via purchasing the license?

 June 18, 2017, 22:57 #6 Senior Member   Join Date: Nov 2010 Location: USA Posts: 1,232 Rep Power: 23 Remember that function requires you set your z=0 value to be the altitude where the piezometric pressure is the same as the static pressure.

 July 10, 2017, 14:39 #7 New Member   Nicholas Join Date: Nov 2015 Location: Modena, Italy Posts: 20 Rep Power: 9 Update: I tried to run some simulations with the new boundary condition for pressure, i.e. -1.18*9.81*\$\$Position[1]*((300/\$Temperature)-1), which I found on the Steve Portal. Unfortunately I can't make my simulation work with this BC either. I still get fluid movements driven by pressure differentials at the atmospheric contour. I tried the condition with both the Boussinesq and the Ideal Gas models. I don't know what else I could try.

 Tags boundary conditions, free convection, heat transfer, starccm+